Write 6 pages with APA style on Architecture of Lisbon City. The architecture of Lisbon, Portugal, because of the devastation of the earthquake, subsequent tsunami, and then fire damage of 1755 provid
Write 6 pages with APA style on Architecture of Lisbon City. The architecture of Lisbon, Portugal, because of the devastation of the earthquake, subsequent tsunami, and then fire damage of 1755 provided a blank canvas for the Enlightened concepts to be embodied. As the City of Lisbon was rebuilt after the disasters of 1755, an opportunity is made available for an examination of the use of natural light and space that well represents the philosophies of the Age of Enlightenment.
The Age of Enlightenment was considered the age of reason when the overly ornate and corrupt influences of the elitist superiority were being replaced with a respect for the middle class and an appreciation for its rise. As this rejection of the elite was transformed into a more natural acceptance of humanity, “to create through deliberate and rational design a new social order, and with it a purer, more functionally and structurally
expressive architecture” (Roth 398). The architecture of the modern era would be defined by the way in which Enlightened thinkers designed philosophical principles. “The conceptual basis of the modern house, as a system of the public and private spaces with specific functions organized with respect to the dual poles of ceremony and comfort, was formulated at this time” (Etlin xvii). In defining the way in which architects should approach the organization of space and the elements that confine that space, the many aspects of the social human experience could now be addressed in the context of architecture.
In 1755, in the city of Lisbon Portugal, an earthquake was then followed by a tsunami, both of which contributed to raging fires that destroyed much of the city. The reconstruction of the city would follow the philosophies of the Enlightenment in creating an embodiment of the concepts that best served the age, combined with the environmental needs of the city, which now included a conscious effort to thwart earthquake and fire damage. The Enlightenment followed the Renaissance which had re-established classical .thought in the arts and architecture, where the Enlightenment brought a deep sense of reason into the philosophies of human creative inspiration. . .