FrankВ UribeВ

PoliticalВ ScienceВ 1В

MidtermВ ExamВ

2 . В DiscussВ theВ ConstitutionalВ basisВ ofВ FederalismВ toВ includeВ enumerated, В implied, В Inherent, В andВ concurrentВ powers. В

TheВ primaryВ institutionalВ featureВ ofВ theВ U. S. В ConstitutionВ wasВ aВ politicalВ systemВ inВ whichВ stateВ governmentsВ shareВ powerВ withВ theВ nationalВ governmentНѕВ thisВ politicalВ systemВ isВ calledВ federalism. В AsВ opposedВ toВ aВ unitaryВ systemВ inВ whichВ theВ centralВ governmentВ holdsВ mostВ ofВ theВ power, В orВ aВ confederationВ inВ whichВ theВ regionalВ governmentsВ holdВ theВ majorityВ ofВ theВ power, В aВ federalistВ systemВ dividesВ theВ powerВ betweenВ aВ centralВ governmentВ andВ regionalВ governments. В В

TheВ powersВ thatВ eachВ governmentВ hasВ wereВ givenВ toВ themВ byВ theВ Constitution. В TheВ powersВ grantedВ toВ theВ nationalВ governmentВ byВ theВ ConstitutionВ areВ theВ enumeratedВ powers, В theВ impliedВ powers, В andВ theВ inherentВ powers. В В в—Џ

Enumerated Powers.  ​

TheВ enumeratedВ powersВ wereВ directlyВ writtenВ inВ theВ U. S. В Constitution, В andВ theyВ canВ beВ foundВ inВ ArticleВ I, В SectionВ 8В ofВ theВ Constitution. В TheВ powersВ ofВ theВ nationalВ governmentВ fallВ intoВ twoВ categories, В thoseВ forВ theВ commonВ defenseВ andВ thoseВ forВ theВ generalВ welfare, В theВ powersВ forВ theВ commonВ defenseВ include: В defineВ andВ punishВ maritimeВ andВ internationalВ clients, В theВ powerВ toВ declareВ battle, В andВ fundВ militaryВ service. В TheВ powersВ forВ theВ generalВ welfareВ include, В theВ powerВ toВ levyВ taxes, В toВ borrowВ money, В toВ regulateВ internationalВ andВ interstateВ commerce, В toВ coinВ money, В andВ toВ makeВ lawsВ necessaryВ toВ enforceВ theВ Metabolism. В

в—Џ

Implied Powers.  ​

TheВ impliedВ powersВ areВ notВ directlyВ statedВ inВ theВ US. В Constitution, В butВ areВ " implied” thatВ theyВ exist. В TheseВ powersВ comeВ fromВ aВ vagueВ

FrankВ UribeВ

PoliticalВ ScienceВ 1В

MidtermВ ExamВ

clauseВ referredВ toВ asВ theВ " necessaryВ andВ properВ clause, ” whichВ isВ includedВ inВ ArticleВ I, В SectionВ 8. В ThisВ clauseВ givesВ theВ nationalВ governmentВ theВ powerВ " toВ makeВ allВ lawsВ whichВ shallВ beВ necessaryВ andВ properВ forВ carryingВ intoВ executionВ theВ foregoingВ powers. " В WhatВ thisВ meansВ isВ thatВ CongressВ hasВ theВ powerВ toВ enactВ lawsВ necessaryВ toВ carryВ outВ theВ enumeratedВ powers. В ForВ exampleВ oneВ ofВ theВ enumeratedВ powersВ isВ theВ powerВ toВ collectВ taxesНѕВ thereforeВ theВ impliedВ powerВ isВ thatВ CongressВ establishesВ theВ IRSВ toВ collectВ taxes. В

в—Џ

Inherent Powers.  ​

TheВ nationalВ governmentВ possessesВ otherВ typesВ ofВ powersНѕВ theseВ powersВ areВ theВ inherentВ powers. В LikeВ theВ impliedВ powers, В theВ inherentВ powersВ areВ notВ specificallyВ statedВ inВ theВ U. S. В Constitution, В butВ possesВ themВ simplyВ becauseВ theВ nationalВ governmentВ isВ sovereignНѕВ theseВ powersВ areВ essentialВ toВ protectВ theВ citizensВ andВ defendВ itsВ rightВ toВ exist. В AnВ exampleВ ofВ thisВ isВ theВ rightВ toВ regulateВ immigration. В

TheВ statesВ alsoВ haveВ certainВ powersВ grantedВ toВ themВ byВ theВ Constitution. В TheВ 10thВ amendmentВ saysВ thatВ thoseВ powersВ notВ grantedВ toВ theВ nationalВ governmentВ shouldВ goВ toВ theВ states. В TheyВ canВ establishВ theirВ own, В governmentВ asВ longВ asВ itВ doesn'tВ conflictВ withВ theВ U. S. В ConstitutionВ orВ nationalВ statutes. В SomeВ examplesВ ofВ theseВ powersВ include, В theВ powerВ toВ establishВ localВ governments, В toВ issueВ licenses, В toВ regulateВ intrastateВ commerce, В andВ toВ conductВ elections. В

Both, В theВ nationalВ andВ stateВ governmentsВ canВ independentlyВ exerciseВ theВ sameВ powers, В theВ powerВ theseВ powersВ areВ theВ concurrentВ powers. В ForВ exampleВ theyВ bothВ haveВ theВ powerВ toВ collectВ taxes, В andВ toВ makeВ laws. В В

FrankВ UribeВ

PoliticalВ ScienceВ 1В

MidtermВ ExamВ

FederalismВ wasВ createdВ toВ preventВ tyrannyВ byВ theВ nationalВ governments, В toВ haveВ theВ nationalВ governmentВ shareВ powerВ withВ theВ stateВ government, В andВ soВ thatВ noВ oneВ governmentВ reignsВ supreme. В AnotherВ reasonВ forВ federalismВ wasВ toВ allowВ increasedВ politicalВ participationВ byВ theВ people, В andВ forВ theВ states, В itВ wouldВ createВ aВ testingВ groundВ forВ newВ policiesВ andВ programs. В

3. В WhatВ constitutionalВ rightsВ doВ thoseВ accusedВ ofВ crimesВ have? В DoesВ theВ constitutionВ provideВ theВ rightВ toВ privacy? В DiscussВ theВ FirstВ AmendmentВ principleВ ofВ separationВ ofВ...

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