I need help creating a thesis and an outline on Ethnic Violence as a Socially Constructed Issue. Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide. An abstract is requir
I need help creating a thesis and an outline on Ethnic Violence as a Socially Constructed Issue. Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide. An abstract is required. Fearon & Laitin (2004), in their journal article, unearth the link between violence and the social construction of ethnic identity. The authors argue that just as the ethnic identities are socially constructed to explain ethnic violence, one can notice a link between the identity construction and ethnic violence in the case of ethnic minorities. For the authors, on the one hand, cultural or discursive systems and strategic aspects function as ‘agents that construct ethnic identities’, and on the other hand, “some or all discourses of ethnicity create a disposition to violence” (Fearon & Laitin 2004, p. 846). Reviewing the common dominant narrative in texts, the authors identify that very often ethnic violence is politically motivated and is moved by ulterior motives to amass political power. To quote the researchers’ own words, “it is that large-scale ethnic violence is provoked by elites seeking to gain, maintain, or increase their hold on political power” (Fearon & Laitin 2004, p. 846). Very often these elites create divisions and internal conflicts among the members of the same ethnic groups to turn against an out-group, and gradually this result in the construction of antagonistic group identities among the various ethnic groups. Even though these reconstructed or newly constructed identities act in favor of the elites who provoked them, they prove to be dangerous and culminate in unwanted violence. One of the reasons why these leaders easily succeed in permeating violence among the ethnic groups is suggested by Kapferer and Prunier when the authors observe that the “ethnic publics are conditioned or constituted by ethnic discourses that predispose them to violence against ethnic others” (Fearon & Laitin 2004, p. 846). Ethnic violence are also being perpetuated by the ordinary folk which are resulted “out of policing .efforts of those who are unhappy with assimilation or by marginal members of a group who want to gain status with those whose membership is not in doubt” (Fearon & Laitin 2004, p. 847).