Complete 7 pages APA formatted article: Clients with Chronic Illness and Their Families.

Complete 7 pages APA formatted article: Clients with Chronic Illness and Their Families. Nursing service is different from other services provided as it assumes the highest degree of vulnerability of its clients. The basis of end-of-life care is managing symptoms and boosting the quality of life rather than concentrating on treatment procures, which in many cases is useless for chronically ill patients. Long term care also supposes relief from pain and suffering and restoring the functional capacity of a patient.

As chronic illness affects the physical, emotional, and spiritual well-being of a patient and his/her family, the care for those with chronic conditions is a complex and challenging task. The majority of chronically ill are older adults, which require the managing of disease, avoiding complications, and contributing to the healing capacity of a patient as well as achieving optimal quality of life. (Moss et.al., 2003)

Considering that chronically ill elders over 65 years they have special spiritual needs including spiritual support, need for love, and trust, which contributes to the sense of spiritual well-being and thus to a positive quality of life. The role of a nurse is in providing creative spiritual care to guarantee the satisfaction of a chronically ill patient with life. It is not acceptable to get spiritual aspects of care out of view when caring for a dying patient. (OBrien 2002, p.269)

Dying patients and their families face many challenges in coping with the stress of pending death. The humanistic nursing theory of Paterson and Zderad supposes the provision of spiritual care for the terminally ill. Stepnick and Perry offer a model of transitional phases of dying, which supposes that dying patients share the same characteristics in the face of death. They suggest strategies, including listening and open communication, preparing the dying patients to the final stages of the illness. (OBrien 2002, p.269)

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Palliative care supposes sensitive practices, which manage the physical, emotional, and spiritual needs of the patients.

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